Laws concerning Acid attacks
Indian Penal Code was amended on the 2nd of April 2013 with the passing of ' The CRIMINAL Law (Amendment) Act. 2013.The amendment resulted in insertion of sections 326A and 326B for specifically dealing with acid violence. The new Sections 326A and 326B read as follows :
326A. Whoever causes permanent or partial damage or deformity to, or burns or maims or disfigures or disables, any part or parts of the body of a person or causes grievous hurt by throwing acid on or by administering acid to that person, or by using any other means with the intention of causing or with the knowledge that he is likely to cause such injury or hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than ten years but which may extend to imprisonment for life, and with fine:
Section 357B has been newly inserted in Cr PC which reads as :
"The compensation payable by the State Government under section 357A shall be in addition to the payment of fine to the victim under section 326A or section 376D of the Indian Penal Code."
Free Medical Treatment
357C has been newly inserted whereby all hospitals,public or private are required to provide first aid or medical treatment free of cost. The section reads as:
"All hospitals, public or private, whether run by the Central Government, the State Government, local bodies or any other person, shall immediately, provide the first-aid or medical treatment, free of cost, to the victims of any offence covered under section 326A, 376, 376A, 376B, 376C, 376D or section 376E of the Indian Penal Code and shall immediately inform the police of such incident."
The right of self defence has been extended to cover apprehension of grievous hurt by acid attack
Earlier existing provisions under Section 100 of Indian Penal Code:
Section 100: The right of private defence of the body extends, under the restrictions mentioned in the last preceding section, to the voluntary causing of death or of any other harm to the assailant, if the offence which occasions the exercise of the right be of any of the descriptions hereinafter enumerated, namely :--
Firstly-Such an assault as may reasonably cause the apprehension that death will otherwise be the consequence of such assault;
Secondly-Such an assault as may reasonably cause the apprehension that grievous hurt will otherwise be the consequence of such assault;
Thirdly-An assault with the intention of committing rape;
Fourthly-An assault with the intention of gratifying unnatural lust;
Fifthly-An assault with the intention of kidnapping or abducting;
Sixthly-An assault with the intention of wrongfully confining a person, under circumstances which may reasonably cause him to apprehend that he will be unable to have recourse to the public authorities for his release.
New provisions made in the Criminal Procedure Code under the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 (addition to Section 100 above)
"Seventhly,- An act of throwing or administering acid or an attempt to throw or administer acid which may reasonably cause the apprehension that grievous hurt will otherwise be the consequence of such act,"
" In addition, there has been several directions issued by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India regarding compensation, free medical treatment and regulating sale of acids, all of which have been welcomed by us . "